Struggling with Supplement Selection? Here is what you need to know!

May 8, 2023Supplements, Uncategorized

Choosing supplements is like going on a treasure hunt. You scour the shelves, looking for the perfect pills that will unlock the secret to eternal youth.

Everyone knows that supplements are manufactured formulations that supply a certain nutrient or combination of nutrients at a level of potency deemed most effective for our well-being and longevity.

The exact mix of nutrients is selected based on their potential – and often specific – health benefits.

But do you really need supplements? And if yes, which ones?

What are the main misconceptions about supplements?

There are several misconceptions about supplements that are commonly held by the general public. Here are some of them. 

You are welcome to watch our Youtube video!

Supplements are always safe.

Supplements are always effective.

    • Similarly, many people assume that supplements are always effective at treating or preventing health conditions. However, the effectiveness of supplements can vary widely depending on the individual and the specific supplement.

Supplements can replace a healthy diet.

If you are interested in the latest YouTube videos, publications, and events related to longevity, just click on the corresponding words, and you will be redirected to the associated web pages.

More is always better.

    • Some people believe that taking high doses of supplements is always better than taking the recommended dose. However, taking too much of certain supplements can be harmful and even toxic.

Supplements are a quick fix.

    • Some people believe that taking a supplement can instantly improve their health or cure a specific condition. However, supplements are not magic pills and should be used as part of a holistic approach to health that includes a healthy diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle factors.

Expensive supplements are always better.

    • While some supplements may be more expensive than others, this does not necessarily mean that they are more effective or of higher quality. It’s important for consumers to do their research and look for supplements that have been independently tested for quality and purity, regardless of the price.

Supplements are a substitute for medical treatment.

    • Some people may turn to supplements as a substitute for medical treatment, but this can be dangerous and is not recommended. Supplements should be used in conjunction with medical treatment and under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

While supplements can provide important nutrients and support overall health, it’s important to be aware of the potential risks and limitations associated with these products. By doing your research and talking to your healthcare provider, you can make informed decisions about which supplements are right for you.

What you need to know about supplements

There are several problems with supplement development and manufacturing that can make it challenging to choose safe and effective products.

Some of them are highlighted in our Youtube video.

Often underestimated.

    • Supplements are very important for health and longevity, but they are often underestimated by the general public and by medical doctors. Medical doctors do underestimate the importance of supplements because it is not really taught at most medical schools. And people are on their own most of the time on what are the best supplements, when to take them, how, and how many. This can be challenging since the science around supplements is still little known, and the data is not easy to find.

Limited research.

    • Unlike prescription drugs, which must undergo rigorous clinical trials before they can be approved for use, supplements do not always have the same level of scientific evidence to support their use. While some supplements have been studied in well-designed clinical trials, many have not, and the available research may be limited or of poor quality. There are a lot of mixed studies or studies that are actually not properly conducted. They are not long enough, or the supplements are not in the right combination, or not in the right form, etc. 

Lack of regulation.

    • While the FDA does regulate supplements, the regulations are not as strict as those for prescription drugs. This means supplements can vary widely in quality and purity and may not always contain the ingredients listed on the label. Some supplements may also contain contaminants or other harmful substances.

Inconsistent quality.

    • Because supplements are not subject to the same regulations as prescription drugs, the quality and purity of supplements can vary widely. Some supplements may be of high quality and purity, while others may contain contaminants or other harmful substances.

Lack of transparency.

    • Some supplement manufacturers may not be transparent about the ingredients in their products or the manufacturing processes used to make them. This can make it difficult for consumers to determine the quality and purity of a supplement and can also make it difficult for healthcare providers to make the right recommendations.

Adulteration.

Misleading claims.

    • Some supplement manufacturers may make false or misleading claims about the health benefits of their products, which can lead consumers to believe that the supplements are more effective than they actually are. This can also make it difficult for consumers to make informed decisions about which supplements to take.

Lack of standardization.

    • Supplements can be contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or other harmful substances during the manufacturing process. This can pose a serious health risk, especially for people with weakened immune systems.
    • Unlike prescription drugs, which typically have standardized dosages, supplements can be difficult to dose accurately. Some supplements may require high doses to be effective, while others may be toxic in high doses. It can be challenging for consumers to determine the appropriate dose of a supplement, especially if they are taking multiple supplements at once.

These problems with supplement development underscore the importance of choosing high-quality supplements from reputable manufacturers and talking to a healthcare provider before taking any new supplement. It’s also important to be cautious about the claims made by supplement manufacturers and to do your own research to determine whether a supplement is right for you.

 

Why do we need supplements?

Supplements are used to provide additional nutrients to our bodies beyond what we can obtain from our regular diets. While a balanced diet is important for overall health, it can be difficult to consume all the necessary nutrients in the right amounts through food alone. This is especially true for people with specific dietary restrictions or medical conditions that limit their food choices.

Supplements can help fill the gaps in our diets and provide the necessary nutrients we need for optimal health. However, it’s important to note that supplements should not be a replacement for a healthy diet and lifestyle. It’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.

Macronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in larger amounts. Macronutrients include water, protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

Micronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in small doses. Micronutrients consist of vitamins and minerals. Although the body only needs small amounts of them, a deficiency can cause ill health.

How do we get them? From food, of course!

But…

While the human body is designed to absorb nutrients, there are some factors that can affect the absorption and utilization of nutrients. In fact, lots of things influence what percentage of vitamins and minerals are absorbed. It could be the other foods you eat at the same meal, how the meal was prepared, drugs or supplements you may be taking, and even your age and the time of day. Taking all of these into account, you might absorb anywhere from 10 to 90% of a given nutrient from a given food!

Let’s go through some of the factors.

The quality of food

One factor is the quality of the food we consume.

Our food today is very different from that of prehistoric times. This is due to a combination of factors such as advances in agriculture, food processing, and distribution, as well as changes in our dietary habits and preferences.

In prehistoric times, humans were hunter-gatherers and relied on hunting, fishing, and foraging for food. Their diets consisted of a variety of foods, including wild game, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. These foods were generally whole and minimally processed.

Today, our diets are much more varied and include a wider range of foods due to advances in agriculture and food processing. We have access to a variety of fruits and vegetables, meats, dairy products, grains, and fast foods. Many of the foods on the shelves of our stores are highly processed, containing additives, preservatives, and artificial flavors, which were not present in prehistoric diets.

Additionally, our diets today tend to be higher in calories, saturated fat, and added sugars than those of our prehistoric ancestors.

The problem is that processed foods are mostly stripped of important nutrients during the manufacturing process, making them less bioavailable to our bodies. In addition, certain cooking methods have a tendency to reduce the nutrient content of foods.

 Decrease in nutrient absorption with age

Yes, nutrient absorption can change with age. As we age, our bodies may become less efficient at absorbing certain nutrients from food. This can be due to a variety of factors, such as changes in the digestive system, decreased secretion of digestive enzymes, and changes in the lining of the small intestine.

For example, the absorption of vitamin B12 can become less efficient as we age because the stomach produces less hydrochloric acid, which is needed to release the vitamin from food. Similarly, the absorption of calcium and vitamin D can also decrease with age, which can lead to an increased risk of bone loss and osteoporosis.

However, it’s important to note that these changes are not inevitable and can be influenced by factors such as a healthy diet, active lifestyle, and supplementation. It all helps support healthy nutrient absorption as we age.

Individual digestive health problems

Some people may have digestive issues such as malabsorption, where the body is not able to absorb nutrients from food properly. This can be caused by conditions such as celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, or pancreatic insufficiency.

    Some people follow certain dietary restrictions, such as vegans or have food allergies or intolerances, and they may not be getting enough of certain vitamins or minerals from their diet.

    Chronic stress can lead to changes in the digestive system that can affect the absorption of nutrients. It can also lead to poor dietary choices and an increased need for certain nutrients.

    In such cases, supplements can help fill in the nutritional gaps. They can also be useful for individuals who have a higher need for certain nutrients due to factors such as serious illness or pregnancy.

    Nutrient deficiency due to lifestyle factors

    Certain lifestyle factors, such as alcohol consumption or the use of certain medications, can interfere with nutrient absorption.

    For example, excessive alcohol consumption can lead to nutrient deficiencies, particularly in B vitamins, while certain medications, such as proton pump inhibitors, can interfere with the absorption of calcium and magnesium.

    Proton pump inhibitors, commonly used to treat acid reflux, can interfere with the absorption of calcium and magnesium.

    Smoking has been shown to reduce the absorption of certain vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, and can also increase the excretion of certain minerals, such as calcium.

    Intense physical activity can increase the body’s demand for certain nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, as well as energy substrates, such as carbohydrates and protein. While a healthy and balanced diet can often provide these nutrients, there may be situations where supplements can be beneficial for individuals with an intense physical activity lifestyle.

    For example, athletes and bodybuilders may benefit from protein supplements to support muscle growth and repair. Additionally, individuals who engage in high-intensity exercise may benefit from supplements that support energy metabolism, such as B vitamins and iron. Supplements such as creatine and beta-alanine have also been shown to improve performance in certain types of exercise.

    Ultimately, the decision to use supplements in the case of intense physical activity should be based on individual needs and goals and should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional.

    Supplements for well-being

    Some supplements have been shown to have potential health benefits beyond basic nutrition, such as improving immune function, reducing inflammation, or supporting cognitive function.

    Some of the most commonly used supplements for general health include:

    • Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for heart health, brain function, and overall inflammation reduction.
    • Probiotics are live bacteria that are beneficial to gut health. They can help improve digestion, boost the immune system, and improve overall health.
    • Magnesium is important for many functions in the body, including muscle and nerve function, and can help reduce stress and anxiety.
    • Zinc is important for immune function, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It may also help reduce the duration of colds and other respiratory infections.
    • Iron is important for the production of red blood cells and oxygen transport in the body. Iron deficiency is common, especially in women, and can lead to fatigue, weakness, and other health issues.
    • Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an antioxidant that is important for energy production in cells. It may also help reduce the risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases.
    • Calcium is an important mineral that is essential for healthy bones and teeth. It also plays a role in nerve function, muscle contraction, and blood clotting. Most people obtain calcium through their diet, but some people may need to take supplements if they are not getting enough calcium from food.
    • Potassium is an essential mineral and electrolyte that plays an important role in many bodily functions, including muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, and fluid balance. It is also important for heart health and may help reduce the risk of stroke.
    • Selenium is a trace mineral that is essential for many bodily functions. It is important for immune function, thyroid function, and reproduction. Selenium also acts as an antioxidant, helping to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
    • Iodine is an essential mineral that is important for the production of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism and play a role in growth and development. Iodine is particularly important during pregnancy and infancy, as it is needed for proper brain development.
    • Copper is an essential trace mineral that plays many important roles in the body. It is important for the production of red blood cells, the formation of connective tissue, and the functioning of the immune system. Copper is also involved in the production of energy and the maintenance of healthy bones.
    • Chromium is a trace mineral that is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. It helps to regulate blood sugar levels by enhancing the action of insulin, a hormone that controls glucose uptake by cells.

    The human body can synthesize certain vitamins on its own

    The human body can synthesize certain vitamins on its own, including:

    1. Vitamin D: The body can produce vitamin D when the skin is exposed to sunlight. Specifically, a form of cholesterol in the skin is converted into vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), which then undergoes further processing in the liver and kidneys to become active vitamin D.
    2. Vitamin K: The body can synthesize vitamin K in the intestines through the action of gut bacteria. However, the amount produced in this way is generally not sufficient to meet the body’s needs, and dietary sources of vitamin K are still necessary.
    3. Niacin (vitamin B3): The body can produce niacin from the amino acid tryptophan, which is found in protein-containing foods.
    4. Biotin (vitamin B7): The body can synthesize biotin in the intestines through the action of gut bacteria. However, dietary sources of biotin are still necessary to meet the body’s needs.

    It’s important to note that although these vitamins can be synthesized in the body, a healthy and balanced diet that includes a variety of foods is still crucial to ensure optimal health and well-being.

    • Manganese is an essential trace mineral that is important for many bodily functions, including the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, and cholesterol. It also plays a role in the formation of bones, connective tissue, and sex hormones.
    • Phosphorus is a mineral that plays a vital role in many biological processes in the body. It is important for bone health, energy production, and DNA synthesis. Phosphorus is present in every cell of the body and is involved in many cellular processes, including energy production, signaling pathways, and cell division. It is also a major component of bones and teeth, where it helps to provide structural support and strength.
    • Chloride is an essential mineral that plays a variety of important roles in the body. It is an electrolyte, which means that it helps to maintain fluid balance and pH levels in the body. Chloride also plays a role in digestion, as it is an important component of hydrochloric acid, which is produced by the stomach to help break down food.
    • Curcumin is a compound found in turmeric that has anti-inflammatory properties. It may help reduce inflammation in the body and may also have benefits for brain health.
    • Green tea extract is a supplement made from green tea leaves that contain antioxidants and other compounds that may have benefits for heart health, brain function, and metabolism.
    • Glucosamine is a supplement that is often used to support joint health and may help reduce joint pain and inflammation.
    • Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and is often used as a natural sleep aid.
    • Ashwagandha is a herb that is used in Ayurvedic medicine to help reduce stress and anxiety. It may also have benefits for immune function and overall health.

    And, of course, vitamins

    • Multivitamins: These are supplements that contain a combination of vitamins and minerals. They are often used to help fill any gaps in the diet and ensure that the body is getting all the nutrients it needs.
    • Vitamin A: important for vision, immune function, and skin health. It is essential for maintaining healthy vision, promoting immune function, and supporting cell growth and differentiation.
    • B-complex vitamins: These are a group of vitamins that are important for energy production, nervous system function, and healthy skin, hair, and nails.
      • Vitamin B1 (Thiamin): important for energy production and nerve function.
      • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): important for energy production and healthy skin.
      • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): important for energy production and maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.
      • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): important for brain function, immune function, and red blood cell production.
      • Vitamine B7 (Folate or Folic acid): important for DNA synthesis, cell division, and healthy fetal development during pregnancy.
      • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): important for red blood cell production, nerve function, and DNA synthesis.
    • Vitamin C: important for immune function, wound healing, and skin health. This vitamin is an antioxidant that is important for immune function and helps the body absorb iron. It may also help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease.
    • Vitamin D: important for bone health, immune function, and calcium absorption.
    • Vitamin E: important for antioxidant protection and skin health.
    • Vitamin K: important for blood clotting and bone health.

    Here are the missing vitamins according to alphabet:

    Vitamin F is not a vitamin in the traditional sense of the word. Rather, vitamin F is a term for two fats — alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA). They are essential for regular body functions, including aspects of brain and heart health.

    Vitamin G isn’t a term you’ll hear very much anymore. It’s actually an outdated name for riboflavin (also known as lactoflavin and vitamin B2), a micronutrient named for its intense gold color.

    Vitamin H, more commonly known as biotin, is one of the B complex vitamins (B7) that help the body convert food into energy.

    Vitamin I is the new slang for Ibuprofen, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a common staple in many Americans’ diets.

    Vitamin J is more commonly known as choline. It assists the body in the production of important compounds and has fat metabolic properties. It is often classified among the Vitamin B family because of how it functions in conjunction with B vitamins and exhibits similar beneficial traits.

    Vitamin L is an inaccurate term for a group of substances presumed to be required for lactation, identified in the liver (vitamin L1) and in yeasts (vitamin L2). Both have not become established vitamins.

    Vitamin M is also known as folate. Actually, folate (Vitamin M) and folic acid (Vitamin B9), different forms of the same substance (folic acid is the supplementary form), increase lead absorption in the gut but improve lead excretion and may make it harder for lead to binding to blood elements. Vitamin M, in collaboration with Vitamin B12, protects the body against the development of various tumors, in particular lung tumors.

    Vitamin N symbolizes the benefits of spending time in nature. Unlike other vitamins, you can never get too much vitamin N. It costs you nothing, and it is available at your fingertips every minute of every day.

    Vitamin O, despite its name,  is not a vitamin. It claims to be a liquid form of oxygen that can be used as medicine. However, vitamin O is more likely to be nothing more than water and minerals.

    Vitamin P is a term that was once used for a group of plant compounds called flavonoids. However, these compounds are not actually vitamins. Flavonoids or bioflavonoids are a vast group of yellow polyphenolic compounds that are naturally found in plant-based foods, such as deeply colored fruits, vegetables, tea, cocoa, and wine, commonly consumed in human diets.

    Vitamin Q is another name for coenzyme Q, also known as ubiquinone. It is an organic molecule similar in structure to vitamin K and vitamin E. Vitamin Q belongs to the category of fat-soluble vitamins and may be stored in the body until it is needed.

    Vitamin R stands for Ritalin, an amphetamine-like psychopharmaceutical, prescribed for ADHD.

    Vitamin S is a proposed term for the dietary content of salicylates, which are becoming recognized as micronutrients because of their wide range of actions in maintaining health.

    Vitamin T is water soluble and is destroyed by alcohol. It is also known as torulitine. Though classified as a vitamin, it does not fully meet the definition. So, Vitamin T is actually not a vitamin. Often people call it by the nicknames tequila or testosterone. There is even a Mexican diet with Vitamin T, which includes tacos, tortillas, and tortas (large sandwiches) in the dieting plan.

    Vitamin U is a term introduced in the early 1950s to identify a compound in cabbage juice. Despite its name, vitamin U is not a true vitamin but rather a derivative of the amino acid methionine

    Vitamin V is an inappropriate jocular term for a “vitamin” (i.e., Valium) recommended to calm an agitated patient.  It is composed of NAD+ and NADH, which promotes bacterial growth; it is not a vitamin.

    Vitamin W is a multivitamin product used to treat or prevent vitamin deficiency.

    Vitamin X is an antioxidant serum designed to keep skin healthier-looking and reduce the look of rough, dull skin and wrinkles. It is also a slang term referring to the recreational drug called MDMA.

    Vitamin Y– you’ve probably not ever heard of it. It is not a vitamin that you need to create nutritionally. It is not a vitamin you can get from seeds, nuts, or meat. It is simply ‘me time’, for which you need to take out time for yourself every day.

    Vitamin Z is for Zinc. One of the big things we’re seeing in this day and age is a deficiency in zinc. It’s needed for immune function, wound healing, blood clotting, thyroid function, and much more. It also plays a key role in maintaining vision and might have effects against viruses.

      Longevity supplements

      Longevity supplements are all about extending your lifespan. The science behind longevity supplements is still an area of active research. There are a few supplements for well-being that have been studied for their potential anti-aging effects, such as Coenzyme Q10, Omega-3, Curcumin, and even Vitamine D. However, research in some of the supplements is exclusively directed to extending the lifespan. These supplements generally target one or more of the hallmarks of aging, such as the shortening of telomeres, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, or the accumulation of ‘zombie’ senescent cells.

      • Resveratrol is a plant compound found in grapes, red wine, and certain berries that have been shown to activate sirtuins, a class of proteins involved in regulating cellular aging. Studies in mice have suggested that resveratrol may extend lifespan and improve metabolic health, but the evidence in humans is limited and conflicting.
      • Nicotinamide Riboside (NR) is a form of vitamin B3 that has been shown to increase levels of NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), a molecule involved in cellular metabolism and DNA repair. Studies in mice have suggested that NR supplementation may extend lifespan and improve metabolic health, but more research is needed to confirm these effects in humans.
      • Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) is another NAD+ boosting supplement. It is a form of vitamin B3 that is believed to raise the level of NAD+ in the body cells. Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned NMN from being sold as supplements in the US. The FDA board has decided that NMN cannot be marketed as a longevity supplement, and it is being investigated as a pharmaceutical drug in human clinical trials
      • Acetyl-L-carnitine: An amino acid that plays a role in energy production in the body. Some studies have suggested that acetyl-L-carnitine may have anti-aging effects by improving brain function and reducing age-related cognitive decline.
      • Fisetin is a plant compound found in strawberries, apples, and onions that has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Studies in mice have suggested that fisetin may improve age-related cognitive decline and extend lifespan, but the evidence in humans is limited.
      • Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that is naturally produced in the body and has been studied for its potential to improve insulin resistance and reduce inflammation.

      Anti-aging activity of US-FDA-approved drugs

      • Alogliptin, canagliflozin, and metformin might produce anti-aging activity via AMPK activation.
      • Rapamycin and canagliflozin are capable of inhibiting mTOR to promote lifespan.
      • Atracurium, carnitine, and statins act as DAF-16 activators, potentially contributing to the anti-aging activity.
      • Hydralazine, lisinopril, rosiglitazone, and zidovudine may help stabilize genomic integrity to prolong life expectancy.
      • Other indirect mechanisms, including the insulin-lowering effect of acarbose and calcium channel-blocking activity by verapamil, may also promote longevity.
      • Spermidine is a polyamine found in all cells responsible for assisting in autophagy, which is a cellular housekeeping mechanism associated with longevity. It also showed potential in simulating the effects of fasting on the body and protecting against telomere attrition.
      • Quercetin is a flavonoid responsible for yellow pigments commonly found in onions, olive oil, capers, and legumes. Quercetin is an active ingredient in several home remedies in Asian countries with anti-inflammatory properties. Some studies have linked quercetin to longevity benefits, such as support of the brain and the immune system, promoting efficient protein production, and boosting NAD+ levels. Quercetin was also popularized as a longevity supplement based on proposed strong senolytic activity, but additional research in human epithelial senescent cells showed that quercetin might not be an effective senolytic.
      • Alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) is a substance that naturally occurs in our bodies. It is involved in mitochondrial health, epigenome, and stem cell maintenance.
      • Glutathione is a major antioxidant that also is vital in regenerating vitamins C and E,  regulates cell growth and death, helps excrete mercury from brain tissues and cells, and helps protect the mitochondrial DNA.
      • Rapamycin is currently the most promising anti-aging drug. There is some evidence that it may be able to extend lifespan and delay the onset of age-related diseases in certain animals. However, while these results are promising, it is important to note that the effects of rapamycin on aging in humans are not yet fully understood.
      • Statins, which are common cholesterol-lowering drugs, might lower a person’s risk of a bleeding stroke, the deadliest kind.
      • Metformin improves metabolic markers in older adults, including blood sugar, insulin levels, and DNA repair. Metformin lowers inflammation, which we know plays a role in the aging process.

      Although aging cannot be prevented, slowing down the rate of aging is entirely possible to achieve. We already wrote about some of the longevity supplements in our previous post.

      In some traditional medicine, many herbs were attributed to ones that slow down the rate of aging, such as Ginseng, Radix Astragali, Ginkgo biloba, Cat’s Claw, Ashwagandha, Turmeric, Rhodiola, Gotu kola, Astragalus, Schisandra, Reishi mushroom, Holy basil, and many more.

       

      Vitamins in Aging, Health, and Longevity

      Antiaging agents: safe interventions to slow aging and healthy life span extension

      Dietary Phytochemicals that Can Extend Longevity by Regulation of Metabolism

      Prolonging healthy aging: Longevity vitamins and proteins

      Implementation of longevity-promoting supplements and medications in public health practice: achievements, challenges and future perspectives

      Dietary Supplements and Natural Products: An Update on Their Clinical Effectiveness and Molecular Mechanisms of Action During Accelerated Biological Aging

      How to choose the right supplements?

      Choosing the right supplements can be a challenging task as it depends on several factors, including your age, gender, lifestyle, health conditions, dietary habits, and nutrient deficiencies. Here are some tips that can help you choose the right supplements.

      You are welcome to watch our Youtube video!

      Evaluate your health condition.

        • Before taking any supplements, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or take medications that may interact with supplements.
        • Identify your nutrient deficiencies.
          • Get a blood test done to identify any nutrient deficiencies. This can help you choose the right supplements to address your specific needs.
        • Evaluate your dietary habits to determine which nutrients you may be lacking. For instance, if you’re a vegetarian, you may need to supplement with vitamin B12, which is primarily found in animal products.

      Establish your goal of supplementation

        • To address nutrient deficiencies. Some individuals may have nutrient deficiencies due to poor dietary habits or health conditions that affect nutrient absorption. In such cases, supplements can help to address these deficiencies and prevent related health issues.
        • To support specific health conditions:
          • To support immune function: Some supplements, such as vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc, are commonly taken to support immune function and help prevent infections.
          • To improve cognitive function: Certain supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids and ginkgo biloba, may help to improve cognitive function, memory, and focus.
          • To support bone health: Supplements like calcium, vitamin D, and magnesium may help to support bone health and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
          • To support skin health: Supplements like vitamin E, vitamin C, and collagen may help to support skin health and reduce the signs of aging.
          • To support heart health: Supplements like omega-3 fatty acids, coenzyme Q10, and magnesium may help to support heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
        • To support overall health and wellness.
          • Some supplements, such as multivitamins, are formulated to provide a range of essential nutrients that support overall health and wellness.
        • To enhance athletic performance.
          • Some supplements, such as creatine or beta-alanine, may enhance athletic performance by improving strength, endurance, and recovery.
        • To support aging and longevity.
          • Aging can cause changes in the body’s nutrient needs, and supplements can be used to support healthy aging by addressing age-related nutrient deficiencies.

      Do quality control before starting your supplement regimen.

        • Look for potential side effects.
          • Some supplements may cause side effects, such as digestive issues or allergic reactions. If you experience any side effects, stop taking the supplement and consult a healthcare provider.
        • Quality of the supplements.
          • Choose supplements from reputable brands with a good track record of producing high-quality products.
          • Read the labels carefully to ensure that the supplements you choose contain the right amount of nutrients and are free of any harmful additives or fillers.
        • Learn the recommended dosage on the supplement label.
          • Don’t exceed it without consulting with a healthcare provider. Follow the instructions on the supplement label for the best timing. Some supplements are best taken with meals, while others are best taken on an empty stomach

      Remember, supplements are meant to supplement a healthy diet and lifestyle, not replace them. So, focus on getting most of your nutrients from whole foods and use supplements to fill in any gaps in your nutrition.

      The future of supplements

      The future of supplements is likely to be shaped by a number of factors, including advances in technology, changes in consumer preferences, and new scientific discoveries.

      One trend likely to continue is using natural and plant-based ingredients in supplements. Consumers are increasingly interested in natural products that are free from synthetic ingredients and chemicals. As a result, supplement manufacturers are likely to continue to innovate in this area, developing new supplements that are made from a variety of natural ingredients.

      Another trend is the use of personalized nutrition. Advances in technology are making it easier for consumers to track their health and wellness metrics, such as their sleep patterns, activity levels, and nutritional intake. This information can be used to develop customized supplement regimens that are tailored to an individual’s specific needs.

      In addition, supplements that support brain health and cognitive function are likely to become more popular as the population ages. As people live longer and remain active later in life, there is likely to be an increased demand for supplements that can help maintain cognitive function and memory.

      The future of supplements is promising, with ongoing research and development in the field of anti-aging and longevity.

      Biotech companies like Loyal and The Dog Aging Project are working on developing drugs and therapies to improve dog aging and potentially extend the lifespan of humans.

      Moreover, there are various anti-aging supplements available in the market, like fisetin, resveratrol, and spermidine, which have shown potential in extending lifespan and improving cellular health. However, more research is needed to determine their safety and efficacy in humans.

      In addition to supplements, a healthy diet and lifestyle are essential for maintaining overall well-being and delaying the effects of aging.

      What is next?

      In our upcoming posts, we will keep you updated on the research and development in relation to supplements, as well as new information on human trials.

      Be sure to check back!

      We are sending our monthly Newsletter with all new updates to our subscribers. If you are interested, please subscribe below.

      This website is dedicated to all aspects of longevity with educational and inspirational purposes only. Understanding of the biological basis of aging is important since it gives us ideas on how to slow down and, possibly, even reverse the changes in our bodies leading to aging and illnesses.

      We accumulate so-called positive traits of old age during our whole life, such as knowledge, experience, wisdom, empathy, and freedom. Too late! We are approaching our time to die. However, it doesn’t need to be this way.

      If you have an opportunity to live active life longer without pain, disease, or cognitive decline, would you? Imagine a possibility to enjoy and watch your family growing beyond grandchildren, travel the world, realize your skills and experience in something you always wanted to do down to perfection. Sounds not bad, does it?

      Well, according to science, it is quite possible!

      Where do you stand on your longevity?

      Definitely, when it comes to our body and mind, everyone has a right to a personal choice on how to maintain health, treat the problems, or take steps for further improvement. We defined three different levels for longevity approaches depending on your condition (perfectly healthy or have pre-existing conditions), your goal (maintain or improve your health), and the complexity of life extension methods (easy, moderate, or advanced).

      Level 1 – Simple

      You can choose to maintain or improve your health by easy and cheap methods such as healthy eating, herb therapy, or general supplement arrangements (vitamins, minerals, etc.). You can find information on these methods in our “What Can You Do” Category or go to the “Anti-aging methods and techniques” page.

      Level 2 – Moderate

      If you wish to take a step further, you may consider IV therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or extreme fasting. You can find information on these methods in our “What Can You Do” Category or go to the “Anti-aging methods and techniques” page. The cutting-edge achievements can be found on the “News & information” page.

      Level 3 – Advanced

      At this level, you must be totally dedicated to your longevity and target the most advanced treatments toward lifespan extension (regenerative medicine such as stem cell treatment, cartilage regeneration, platelet-rich plasma therapy, prolotherapy, etc.). Most of these methods are being used now and show even greater promise for the future. “News & information” page.

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